Gum Recession and Treatments: Causes and Prevention

10 July 20230

Achieving healthy teeth and a beautiful smile requires more than just having white and straight teeth. Gum health is also an important aspect of oral health that needs attention. However, sometimes the gums can recede, which means the supporting tissues around your teeth are damaged. To learn more about the causes and treatments of gum recession, continue reading.


  1. Periodontal Disease: One of the most common causes of gum recession is periodontal disease. Periodontal disease occurs when bacterial infection leads to inflammation of the gum and supporting tissues around the teeth. Inflammation can cause the gums to recede and expose the tooth roots over time.
  2. Incorrect Brushing Techniques: Aggressive brushing can damage the gums and contribute to recession. Using a hard toothbrush or applying excessive pressure with incorrect techniques can irritate the gums and cause them to recede over time.
  3. Teeth Grinding and Clenching (Bruxism): Clenching or grinding your teeth (bruxism) applies extra pressure to the gums. This continuous pressure can contribute to gum recession.
  4. Hormonal Changes: Hormonal changes, especially during pregnancy or menopause, can increase gum sensitivity and the risk of recession.
  5. Genetic Factors: Gum recession can sometimes occur due to genetic factors. Some individuals may naturally have thinner or weaker gums, which increases the risk of recession.


  1. Professional Teeth Cleaning: Treating gum recession starts with a thorough cleaning. Your dentist or dental hygienist will use special instruments to remove plaque and tartar buildup from your teeth and gums.
  2. Removal of Scar Tissue: In some cases, gum recession may result in the formation of scar tissue, requiring treatment. Your dentist may perform a surgical intervention to remove or correct the scar tissue.
  3. Gingivoplasty or Gingivectomy: Procedures like gingivoplasty or gingivectomy can be used to reshape and improve the appearance of the gums. Gingivoplasty helps to reshape the gums and create a more aesthetic look, while gingivectomy involves the removal of excess gum tissue.
  4. Developing Oral Hygiene Habits: It’s important to focus on oral hygiene to prevent gum recession or slow its progression. Brush your teeth regularly, use dental floss, and clean with mouthwash. Additionally, opt for toothbrushes with softer bristles instead of hard ones.
  5. Dental Protective Devices: If you experience teeth grinding or clenching issues like bruxism, your dentist may recommend dental protective devices such as a nightguard or splint. These appliances help balance the pressure applied to the gums by teeth, reducing the stress on the gums.


Gum recession is a problem that can impact your oral health and should not be ignored. By maintaining regular dental check-ups and practicing good oral hygiene habits, you can protect your gums and prevent recession. If you notice signs of gum recession, it’s important to consult a dentist to learn about appropriate treatment options.

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